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Knee General

Shin Splints

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Knee Shin Splints The term “shin splints” refers to pain and tenderness along or just behind the inner edge of the tibia, the large bone in the lower leg. Shin splints – or medial tibial stress syndrome as it is called by orthopaedists – usually develops...
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Knee Arthritis

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Knee Knee Arthritis There are three basic types of arthritis that may affect the knee joint. Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of knee arthritis. OA is usually a slowly progressive degenerative disease in which the joint cartilage gradually wears away. It...
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Knee Joint Arthroscopy

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Knee Knee Joint Arthroscopy Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure orthopaedic surgeons use to visualize, diagnose, and treat problems inside a joint. The word arthroscopy comes from two Greek words, “arthro” (joint) and “skopein” (to look). The term...
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Knee Pain

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Knee Knee Pain The knee is a complex joint with many components, making it susceptible to a variety of injuries and normal wear and tear. Often, knee pain can be successfully treated without surgery, while some more serious conditions require surgical procedures to correct. Knee...
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Partial Knee Meniscectomy

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Knee Partial Meniscectomy What it is Meniscectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of a torn meniscus. A meniscus tear is a common knee joint injury. Surgeons who perform meniscectomies (orthopedic surgeons) will make surgical decisions based on the meniscus’s ability...
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Avascular Necrosis of the Knee

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Knee Avascular Necrosis of the Knee Avascular necrosis (AVN), also called osteonecrosis, aseptic necrosis, or ischemic bone necrosis, is a condition that occurs when there is loss of blood to the bone. Because bone is living tissue that requires blood, an interruption to the...
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Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee

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Knee Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee A relatively common cause of knee pain in older women occurs when a segment of bone loses its blood supply and begins to die. This condition is called osteonecrosis, which literally means “bone death.” More than 3 times as...
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Complex Regional Knee Pain Syndrome

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Knee Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), also called reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome, is a chronic pain condition in which high levels of nerve impulses are sent to an affected site. Experts believe that CRPS occurs as a result of...
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Iliotibial Band Syndrome

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Knee Iliotibial Band Syndrome ITBS is an overuse injury where repetitive flexion and extension causes inflammation of the iliotibial band when it rubs over the lateral femoral condyle. Marked by a sharp, burning, knee or hip pain, ITBS is a very common running injury among...
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Deep Vein Thrombosis

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Knee Deep Vein Thrombosis One of the major risks facing patients who undergo surgery in the lower extremities is a complication called deep vein thrombosis, a form of venous thromboembolic disease. Joint replacement surgery, especially in the lower extremities, is becoming more...
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